Home Lifestyle Home Improvement Knowing the Different Types of Roofing Materials

Knowing the Different Types of Roofing Materials


Since the roof has to protect you and your possessions, the roof’s durability, strength, and aesthetics all depend on the type of roofing material used. Some of them would fit better on specific architectural styles than others.

Knowing the Different Types of Roofing Materials

Certain roofing materials are better based on the local climate, weather, and environment as they can withstand more damage and abuse. Over the years, the development of better roofing materials has improved. Knowing the different types before availing of any roofing services can help you in the long run.

Common Roof Materials

Here are some of the most common roofing materials used today. Each of these options has its own perks and benefits that you can have.

Asphalt Shingles

Arguably the most popular roofing material on the market today, it’s the preferred choice for sloping roofs because of their low cost, wide color selection, and easy installation. This makes them fit and match a variety of home styles. They are also known to have great wind and fire resistance with additional durability and protection.

There are three main types of asphalt shingles based on their style: 3-tab, dimensional, and luxury shingles. 3-tab shingles are the most basic type of asphalt shingle, made from a single layer of asphalt. Since they have a very flat and basic appearance, 3-tab shingles are cheaper than dimensional and luxury ones.

Dimensional shingles are a bit thicker than 3-tabs because they are manufactured with two or more layers of asphalt. They are designed to mimic the aesthetic of wood shakes and natural slates. They would also come with improved warranty protection.

Lastly, as the name suggests, luxury shingles are the highest-quality and most expensive variant of asphalt shingles. It offers premium protection from the elements and great aesthetics.

Slate and Ceramic Shingles

For a more refined look for your roof, consider choosing slate and tile shingles. Americans have been using slate as a roofing material since the 1700s. Before, only the wealthy could afford a slate roof. But over time, new processes for creating slate made it more affordable and economical as a roofing material. It has superior fire resistance and durability. It’s also impervious to various weather conditions.

Like slate, ceramic roofing tiles have been used for a very long time. They’re fireproof, weather-resistant, and durable. The material is typically used in areas with extremely high temperatures and consistent sunshine. It is because ceramic roofs aren’t easily damaged by heat. On top of that, they are easy to maintain.

Wooden Shakes and Shingles

If you’re looking for a high-end choice, wooden shakes and shingles can be a good option. They come in a variety of options like pine and cedar.

Even though wood is typically thought of as a fire hazard, wooden shakes and shingles are treated to become fire-resistant and deter insects. If maintained properly, they can last up to fifty years.

Metal Roofs

Metal roofs are known to be durable and resistant to extreme weather conditions. It is available as panels and shingles made from either aluminum, copper, zinc, or stainless steel. They are also lightweight and can sometimes outlast the other roofing materials. If properly maintained, metal roofs can last for up to 6 years. They’re also great for bungalows, cabins, and cottage-style houses.

Rubber Slates

Rubber slates are also sometimes called synthetic slate shingles. They are made from recycled materials like rubber tires. Their appearance can be changed to mimic the look of asphalt, slate, and even ceramic tiles. They’re a good substitute in case the roof cannot hold heavier materials. These synthetic slates are durable and cost less than other available options.

Factors in Choosing Your Roofing Material

Every roofing material is excellent in its own right, and choosing among them can be daunting. However, here are some of the most important factors to consider when deciding on a roof to buy

  1. Long-term resilience – Roofs have to endure heat, rain, wind, and snow all year round. This is crucial, especially if you live in an area where natural disasters like storms and hurricanes frequently occur.
  2. Price – Budget always comes into consideration when shopping. Different materials and brands have varying prices so make sure to set a budget before buying one.
  3. Roofing material weight – The material’s weight is a factor in the labor cost. Installing heavier materials is more expensive since it requires some adjustments in the house’s structure to support the additional weight of the housetop.
  4. Energy efficiency – Certain types of material can play a role in your home’s energy efficiency. Some of them reflect the sun’s UV rays away rather than absorbing them. The heat from the outside won’t seep into the home as much, keeping the inside cooler. In this case, your air conditioner won’t have to work as hard in keeping the temperature at a comfortable level.
  5. Maintenance – Having a new roof installed is a long-term commitment that requires maintenance. Upkeep can determine if you would choose one roofing material over the other. Some materials may require more maintenance than usual.

Now that you’re more familiar with some of the available roofing materials on the market, you’ll know what kind of roofing services you’ll be able to have so you can properly maintain your precious roof.


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